How to Tell if a Diamond is Real?

Sharif Khan
Sharif Khan
Last Updated    EST 
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With technology continually improving, it has become increasingly challenging for the untrained eye to distinguish between a fake and a genuine diamond ring. This situation has, unfortunately, opened the door to potential deception. Thanks to advancements in their manufacturing processes, lab-grown diamonds now closely resemble natural diamonds, offering all the elegance of the real thing at a significantly lower price.

Alternatively, you may come into possession of a stone, which may or may not be a genuine diamond, such as moissanite. Fortunately, there are straightforward methods to help you determine its authenticity.

If your intention is to purchase a natural loose diamond, it is imperative that you only patronize trusted jewelers. The reliability and reputation of a jeweler can often be discerned by examining the quality of their offerings, their pricing, and whether they provide certificates for their diamonds, detailing the diamond's quality. A reputable jeweler, particularly one with certificates or accolades, is likely to be a genuine professional in the field.

If the diamond is not already set in jewelry, place it on a piece of paper, flip the stone over, and attempt to read the text on the paper through the diamond. Diamonds have the ability to refract light, rendering them impossible to see through directly.

Several characteristics of diamonds can assist in determining their authenticity. For instance, diamonds are efficient heat conductors as they have covalent bonding and low phonon scattering. While it is generally ill-advised to expose any precious stone to intense heat, to conduct this test, gently exhale breath on a diamond for about five seconds. A real diamond will not display a foggy surface. However, please note that this test may not always provide a definitive result, as cubic zirconium coated with a layer of diamond or moissanite may produce similar results.

Diamonds are exceptionally durable and do not scratch easily. A genuine diamond is unlikely to exhibit any scratches, while cubic zirconium, being a much softer material, can be easily scratched. Diamonds have the ability to cut or scratch objects as hard as a mirror, whereas cubic zirconium is far more susceptible to damage from everyday use.

As the famous saying goes, "Diamonds are a girl's best friend." However, they can also become her worst enemy if the stone turns out to be fake. It may surprise you to learn that, in today's market, there are numerous fraudulent individuals attempting to pass off synthetic stones as valuable diamonds. Therefore, it's crucial to exercise caution and employ the methods mentioned above to ensure the authenticity of any diamond you encounter.

At A Glance

  • Modern techniques make it almost impossible to tell the difference between fake and real diamonds for regular buyers. 
  • Buy a GIA or AGS graded diamond to avoid graded ripped off. 
  • Buy only from highly trusted places.
  • Watch real diamonds in super HD 40X Magnified Videos.

How to Know if a Diamond is Real?

It is often challenging to distinguish between a genuine diamond and a counterfeit glass item without the necessary experience and specialized equipment. Many methods commonly used to assess diamond authenticity and quality can be ineffective. Techniques such as comparing weights, scratching glass, testing thermal conductivity, and attempting to see through the diamond may yield unreliable results.

James Allen

For those who appreciate diamonds, maximizing the value of your investment is essential. You undoubtedly want to choose a diamond that your beloved will cherish forever. It's worth noting that diamonds with larger and flawless carat sizes command significantly higher prices than those with lower carat weights. Therefore, ensure that you purchase only top-quality diamonds from reputable sellers.

Several jewelry certifications are available from grading laboratories such as GIA, IGI, and HRD. Always ensure that the diamond you acquire has certification from a reputable lab. No one wants to fall victim to counterfeit stones, but understanding a few essential tips can help you determine the authenticity of a diamond.

  1. Look for Trusted Vendors: Your first and foremost consideration should be to buy diamonds from trusted vendors known for offering high-quality diamonds. Reputable jewelers are less likely to be involved in dealing with fake diamonds or fraudulent activities. They will provide you with extensive information about the stone and instill confidence in your purchase.

  2. Certification: Always review the diamond's certificate. A grading report from a highly regarded laboratory like GIA confirms the stone's authenticity. A genuine certificate provides detailed information about the diamond and safeguards your purchase.

  3. Transparency Test: If you have a loose diamond, turn it upside down and place it on printed paper. If you can read the text through the diamond, it is likely not a real gem.

  4. The Breath Test: Diamonds are efficient heat conductors. If you breathe on a genuine diamond, the mist should dissipate immediately. If the mist lingers a few seconds longer, it's likely a fake stone.

  5. Check for Scratches: A genuine diamond can chip, but it should not accumulate scratches over time because of its remarkable durability. If your diamond develops scratches, it may not be real.

  6. Check the Reflection: The reflection of a diamond can reveal its authenticity. Genuine diamonds produce shades of grey in their reflections, while fake diamonds may emit rainbow-colored reflections.

  7. Inclusion Test: Diamonds often have inclusions, tiny bits of other minerals trapped within the stone during its formation. The absence of inclusions doesn't necessarily indicate that a gem isn't genuine, but it might be fake if your diamond lacks flaws or imperfections.

  8. Check the Setting: Genuine diamonds are typically in high-quality metals like silver, platinum, or gold. If the setting is made of cheaper brass, steel, or aluminum, it's less likely to hold a real diamond.

  9. Sharp Edges and Corners: Diamonds are exceptionally hard and do not chip easily. If the corners and cuts on your diamond ring are rounded, it may not be genuine. Authentic diamonds have sharp edges due to their hardness.

  10. Weight Comparison: Use a gram or carat scale to weigh the stone. Fake stones like cubic zirconia often weigh 55% more than real diamonds of the same size and shape.

  11. Diamond Tester: You can also use a diamond tester to assess a diamond's authenticity. Many such devices are available on the market, allowing you to evaluate quality, grade, and credibility.

  12. Heat Test: Diamonds are incredibly strong and can withstand heat. You can heat the stone and observe its reaction. A real diamond will disperse heat quickly without breaking.

Purchasing a diamond represents a significant financial investment, so choosing the right one is crucial. By following these tips and conducting these tests, you can protect yourself from deceptive diamond sellers and ensure you treasure your stone for a lifetime.

Diamond Quality Factors

Thеу ѕау diamonds аrе forever. Arе thеу? Dо уоu even hаvе аn idеа whу? Alѕо, thеу ѕау diamonds are a girl's best friend. If thiѕ iѕ true, аgаin I аѕk whу? Can уоu tell a rеаl diamond frоm a fаkе one? Iѕ it еаѕу? What mаkеѕ a diamond the best?

Diamond Quality Factors

There аrе factors buyers must be аwаrе of when buуing diаmоndѕ. Among them, the most important factors one muѕt know are соlоr (уеѕ, diаmоndѕ hаvе colors), саrаt (whiсh iѕ different from kаrаt), сlаritу, аnd сut.

1 - Cоlоr

color ѕсаlе dеtеrminеѕ thе grаdеѕ оf a diаmоnd. Thе grading starts frоm 'D,' referring tо соlоrlеѕѕ, аnd еndѕ to 'Z,' referring tо highlightеd уеllоw. The соlоrѕ 'D,' 'E,' and 'F' are thе best diаmоndѕ bесаuѕе thеу аrе соlоrlеѕѕ but еxреnѕivе. Sо, if уоu аrе restricted with a budget, уоu саn gо fоr соlоrѕ 'J,' 'K,' 'L,' аnd 'M.' Anуwау, if thеѕе diamond соlоrѕ аrе lооkеd аt from a distance, thеу appear tо bе ѕimilаr tо the соlоrlеѕѕ diаmоndѕ. Sо, why wоrrу about buуing the ones that have lower prices?

2 - Clаritу

Diamonds are not реrfесt; thеу hаvе inсluѕiоnѕ. In fасt, thе quality оf the сlаritу depends on оn thе numbеr оf thеѕе 'аdditiоnѕ' аnd how diѕtinсtivе they are. Thеrеfоrе, рriсing is also based on сlаritу - thе fewer аmоunt оf blemishes, thе mоrе рrоbаbilitу of a diаmоnd increasing its vаluе. 'IF' сlаritу stands for flаwlеѕѕ quality; however, your nаkеd еуе will not bе able tо differentiate it frоm 'VSI' сlаritу. A mаgnifуing glаѕѕ will also do. So, уоur financial сарасitу will аgаin dictate whiсh diаmоnd уоu will рrеfеr to buу. If you саn afford it, thеn, buy thе реrfесt diamond fоr уоu оr fоr уоur girlfriеnd or wifе.

3 - Cаrаt

A саrаt iѕ uѕеd tо ԛuаntifу thе wеight of diamonds. A саrаt iѕ equal tо thе fifth раrt of a grаm. It is ѕераrаtеd in 100 роintѕ; thеrеfоrе, a diamond with 50 points iѕ еԛuivаlеnt tо hаlf a саrаt, whiсh hаѕ an еѕtimаtеd width оf 5.2mm.

4 - Cut

Thе ѕhареѕ of diаmоndѕ соmе in multiрliсitу. The mоѕt рорulаr оf thеm are the round brilliаnt, pear ѕhареd, оvаlemerald cutprincess сut, and heart ѕhареd. Thе mоѕt brilliаnt оf аll is оbviоuѕlу thе rоund brilliаnt.

Final Thoughts

James Allen is one of the world's largest diamond retailers and among the most renowned diamond brands. They possess extensive expertise in all aspects of diamond purity, making them a reputable choice for purchasing diamonds. James Allen has earned its status as the largest diamond retailer through years of building trust with customers. They consistently deliver conflict-free diamonds, adhering to industry standards like the Kimberley Process, Certificate of Origin, and the Clean Diamond Act. These standards ensure that consumers have access only to diamonds that meet the highest ethical standards, guaranteeing superior quality.

New York is renowned as the world's diamond center. If you aim to create an unforgettable moment, such as a proposal, the New York Diamond District is an excellent place to find the perfect diamond.

While understanding these preliminary requirements for your diamond purchase, the specific brand may not be the most critical factor. Dealers often establish the reputation of their diamond brands based on customer feedback, consistently working to make their diamonds world-famous.

Now that you have gained more insight into diamonds, particularly the 4Cs (color, carat, clarity, and cut), you can make more informed choices. You'll be able to differentiate between flawless and nearly colorless diamonds versus those with a tinted yellow hue. You also understand the distinction between carat and karat, the various clarity characteristics, and how they impact diamond pricing, as well as the diverse shapes created by diamond cutters.

Take your time to conduct research, perform background checks, and utilize the numerous online tools available to ensure you make a well-informed decision when purchasing a diamond.