List of 24 Gemstones with Names, Pictures, and Colors

List of 24 Gemstones with Names, Pictures, and Colors

List of 24 Gemstones with Names, Pictures, and Colors

Posted by Sharif Khan on 8th Jul 2021

List of Gemstones with Names and Pictures

Gemstones have played numerous roles in the myths and tales of human societies throughout history. Although some are believed to have unique powers, each shares a typical beauty, distinct with a unique color, birthplace, and story. Gems come in every color of the rainbow and are gathered from all edges of the globe, with each colored gemstone possessing a one-of-a-kind production of lovely color.

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Below are some of the popular gemstones with their names, pictures and  colors.

  • JADE
  • ONYX
  • OPAL
  • RUBY



If you like magic, specifically the magic of science, you will like Alexandrite, the color-change treasure. In daylight, it appears greenish, carrying a full-spectrum visible light. In the lamplight, it is a red gem with a warm raspberry tone. You could see it flick back and forth by switching from fluorescent to incandescent light. The value of the gemstone increases as the color change becomes more distinct.

It is genuinely spellbinding to see the magnificent changing colors in this beautiful gem; you might feel the mystical magic and lore credited to it. It is stated to reinforce instinct, help in creativity, and inspire the creative imagination.

Initially uncovered in Russia's Ural Mountains in the 1830s, it is now discovered in Sri Lanka, East Africa, and Brazil. However, this gem is scarce and important.


The ancient Greeks and Romans believed that Amethyst would prevent the invigorating powers of Bacchus and maintain the user clear-headed and quick-witted. For centuries, Amethyst has been related to several myths, tales, and religious beliefs in many cultures.

Not only is it the beautiful color that makes this gem so prominent, but it is also extensively offered in different shapes and sizes that make it more affordable. Amethyst matches both warm and cool colors, and therefore, it looks terrific embedded in both yellow and white metals. This one-of-a-kind ability suggests that it boosts practically every color in your wardrobe.


The name Aquamarine represents itself, indicating seawater. Aquamarine quickly brings to mind its stunning pastel skies blue or the bright color of the sea.

For centuries, this timeless gemstone has been an icon of youth, wellness, integrity, and hope. Given that this gem is the color of water and the skies, it embodies immortality. Aquamarine is believed to have a calming influence on married couples, making it a fantastic anniversary gift.

Aquamarines are found in a series of blues, from a light pastel and a greenish-blue to a deep color. Darker colors of blue are increasingly uncommon and, subsequently, increases the value. Aquamarine is regularly a light gemstone, but the color could be a lot more extreme in bigger gemstones. Smaller-sized aquamarines tend to be much less vibrant.


This bright, radiating gem has been regarded as a gift from sunlight. The name Citrine, which is French for "lemone", fits well with its color range of succulent lemon yellow to a brilliant orangey-brown. Many people pick a  Citrine based on their individual preferences. Some of the most in-demand Citrine gemstones have a clear, glowing yellow-colored to brownish red color.

In ancient times, Citrine was brought as security against snake venom and evil thoughts. Today, Citrine is called the seller's stone and relates to success and prosperity.

Citrine is one of the most affordable and popular gems. It is relatively plentiful and offered in a wide range of sizes and shapes, consisting of huge sizes. These factors make it an excellent gem for that big, vibrant statement piece.


In ancient times, diamonds were objects of desire. Formed one hundred miles below the Earth's surface over a billion years ago, diamonds are the hardest treasure. They have a long history of folklore, a few of which claimed that diamonds were developed when bolts of lightning struck rocks, while others said that the treasure possessed healing powers. For centuries, rubies have been adorned by ladies and men and regarded as the supreme present and a symbol of eternal love.

Today, GIA diamonds are still appreciated all over the world. Until the middle of the twentieth century, there was no requirement to examine rubies. The GIA created the first—and, currently, internationally accepted—requirement for describing diamonds: Color, Clarity, Cut, and Carat Weight. Today, the 4Cs of Diamonds Quality is the universal approach for examining any diamond's quality worldwide.

Locating the excellent diamond cannot be ignored. See our diamond education and learning section for tips and details on how you can locate the best diamonds for you.


Green is the color of Spring and has long signified love and rebirth. As the gem of Venus, it was likewise considered to assist in fertility.

Cleopatra, Egypt's tempestuous women monarch, was as renowned for using Emeralds in her time as Liz Taylor is for putting on diamonds in our time. Old Egyptian mummies were often buried with an Emerald carved with the verdure icon - thriving greenness - on their necks to signify eternal youth.

The deeper and more dazzling the color of green, the extra useful the gemstone will be. The most stunning and valuable Emeralds show an intense bluish tone in enhancement to their primary strong green color. Among the rarest of treasures, Emeralds are almost always found with birthmarks, referred to as inclusions. Some inclusions are expected and do not detract from the stone's worth as much as with other gemstones.


This treasure is available in a rainbow of colors, from the deep red Hippie Garnet to the Russian Demantoid's lively greens and African Tsavorite. We also see it appearing in the oranges and browns of Spessartite and Hessonite from Namibia and Sri Lanka and the subtle pinks and purples of Rhododendron.

Legend says that Garnets illuminate the evening and safeguard their proprietors from problems. Tourists have long brought garnets to protect against accidents far from the residence. Garnet is the birthstone for January. However, with a spectacular variety of colors and mystical powers, it has been gifted at events for centuries on end.


Jade has been treasured in China as the royal gems since at least 2950 BC. Given the idea to maintain the body after death, Jade could be found in the emperors' tombs from thousands of years ago. To this day, many individuals believe that Jade will secure them from harm.

Jade is recognized for its dazzling green and shimmery, smooth shapes, but it is likewise available in lavender, pink, yellow, and white. One of the most familiar shapes is the flat, donut-shaped disc called a pi, generally put on as a pendant.

Wearing a spectacular item of Jade jewelry will certainly make any individual 'green' with envy.


Recognized by man as early as 400B.C., Lapis Lazuli has always been cherished. Used to create the stunning ocean blues and the lively sky blues in paintings throughout the Renaissance, Lapis Lazuli is a tinted gemstone revered for centuries.

Its name suggests "blue stone," and it could not be more precise. Lapis Lazuli is a dark blue microcrystalline rock that often shines with gold pyrite incorporations. This spectacular treasure is evocative of the stars in the midnight sky. Lapis Lazuli was also thought to be a strong medication. The Romans believed this gem to be a powerful aphrodisiac. Between Ages, it was thought to keep the arm or legs free and healthy the heart from envy, fear, and mistake.

Once you cast your views on this treasure, you will be entranced by its charm of beauty.


Ancient Romans believed that this shimmering rock was developed from frozen moonlight, giving it the name Moonstone.

It comes in colors varying from colorless to grey, brownish, yellow, green, or pink, and quality that goes from transparent to clear. The best Moonstone has a blue sheen, excellent quality, and a lifeless body color. Located in India and Madagascar, rainbow Moonstone has a selection of colors, from pink to yellow, peach, purple, and blue.

A great Moonstone is quite rare. We have looked to the ends of the Earth to locate several of the globe's most sensational Moonstones.


With its dazzling radiance and soft colors of clear pink, peach, and hot fuchsia, it is not surprising that it is referred to as the rock of divine love. The delicate pink treasure promotes love and success.

With colors of pink controlling the garment industry, Morganite is a favorite for females of every age. Coming in pinks from subtle lavenders to bright fuchsias and even light pink apricot blends, it radiates appeal and tenderness. Its mass appeal is due to its functional pink colors that compliment all skin tones and can be set in white or yellow gold.

12. ONYX

When we think of Onyx today, we often preface words with black to distinguish it from other selections of Onyx. This treasure comes in white, reddish-brown, brownish, and grouped. A selection of Onyx that is reddish-brown with white and lighter reddish bands is known as sardonyx.

Black never goes out of design, which is why you can never fail with black Onyx. Its appealing abundant black color can be both traditional and modern.

13. OPAL

In old times, the Opal was known as the Queen of Gems because it included the colors of all other gems. Each Opal is as unique as our fingerprints. Some choose the calming flashes of blues and greens; others like the brilliant reds and yellows. With its rainbow of colors, as you turn and move the Opal, the color plays and moves, offering you a treasure that can be worn with a plethora of ensembles.

Australia's Lightning Ridge is known for its magnificent and uncommon black Opals. The suitable Opal displays broad patterns covering the surface area, with all the rainbow colors, including red. Since Opals are the most specific gemstone with their series of colors, pick one that reflects your color preference and pattern.


Paraiba Tourmaline gemstones have become one of the most valuable and precious gems on the planet, even though it was only found in the 1980s. Its unusual shades of electric blues and greens are like the heavenly seashores of Paraiba, where this gem is extracted. These unique, vibrant blue, and green colors are not found in any other gemstone worldwide.


Throughout history, humanity has appreciated and worshipped pearls. Persian folklore called them "the tears of the gods." Ancient Chinese tale declares that the moon holds power to produce pearls, instilling them with its celestial glow and mystery.

Given that they are the only gems developed within a living creature, pearls are exceptional. Because all-natural pearls are tough and unusual to recover from the sea's depths, man developed the strategy of culturing salt and freshwater pearls from mollusks meticulously seeded with toxic irritants like those created by nature.

Cultured pearls are available in several gorgeous colors, from light cream to white to rose, lilac, green, gold, gray, and black. There are four main types of cultured pearls: Akoya, South Sea, Tahitian, and Freshwater, each having distinct qualities that distinguish it from the other.

Today, pearls are timeless and contemporary; a pair of white pearls could be timeless, though an armband of chocolate pearls is more contemporary. In the case of pearls, it is crucial to note that regardless of the color or size, they could be worn daily and can enhance the most official outfit.


Peridot is one of the few gemstones that exist in one color only, a unique trademark lime green. In old times, it was believed that Peridot was a present of nature to celebrate the annual creation of a new globe. Peridot is claimed to bring the user extraordinary powers and properties to safeguard against nightmares when provided as a present. It is likewise believed to instill powers and impact through the wearing of the gems.

Today, most Peridot comes from Arizona, but it is additionally discovered in China, Myanmar, and Pakistan. Peridot is available in several colors, varying from yellow-colored green to brownish, yet the brilliant lime greens and olive greens are some of the most wanted. If you choose citrus tones or planet tones, you will discover that Peridot belongs in your jewelry collection.

Peridot gemstones smaller-sized compared to 3 carats are very common. Still, gems over five carats are uncommon and, therefore, have a greater value. Peridot weighing 10 to 15 carats are more unusual but give a strong and bold look for an inexpensive cost.

17. RUBY

Ruby stands for love, courage, emotion, and interest. For centuries, this gem has been considered the king of all gems. It was thought that using a fine red Ruby bestowed good fortune on its owner. Rubies have been the prized ownership of emperors and kings throughout the ages. But now, the Natural Rubies are the most valued gems.

The color of a Ruby is one of the most vital attributes of the gems. Rubies are available in a variety of red tones, from blue and purple-red to orange-red. Ruby's brightest and most important color is typical "a Burmese Ruby"—a sign that it is a rich, passionate, warm, full red color with a mild blue hue. This color is usually described as "pigeon blood" red, a Ruby color connected with the Mogok Valley mines in Myanmar. The color Pigeon Blood Ruby red is not connected with the color of a pigeon's blood but with the color of a white pigeon's eye.


Many individuals quickly visualize a stunning violet-blue gemstone when hearing the word "Sapphire," which is Greek for blue. For centuries, the Sapphire has been described as the supreme blue gemstone because it guarantees sincerity, commitment, purity, and dependability. To keep with this practice, Sapphires one of the most popular involvement gems today.

Sapphire is discovered in numerous world components; however, the most valued Sapphires come from Myanmar (Burma), Kashmir, and Sri Lanka. Sapphires with highly saturated violet-blue color and "velvety" or "drowsy" transparency are more unusual. The purer heaven of the natural Sapphire, the better the price. However, people find that the darker tones of Sapphire could be just as enticing.

Sapphires are not just blue; they are available in virtually every rainbow color: pink, yellow, orange, peach, and violet shades. The most desired color for the expensive Sapphire engagement ring is the beautiful and rare Padparadscha: a pink-orange corundum with a distinctive salmon color reminiscent of an exotic sunset. These ultra-rare, ultra-expensive stones are among one of the most sought-after gems worldwide.


Centuries ago, Sanskrit writings described Spinel as the little girl of Ruby. The brilliant red color of Spinel is so closely related to Ruby that both are frequently perplexed with one another. Spinels are rarer than Ruby, yet they can be in huge sizes, unlike Ruby.

In addition to stunning rich reds, Spinel could be discovered in tones of orange, beautiful pastel pink, and purple. Of particular passion is a brilliant, warm pink with a tint of orange mined in Burma, which is among the most fantastic gemstone colors and unlike any other treasure. Spinel also can be found in gorgeous blues, but these are exceptionally rare.

A Spinel is thought to protect the owner from harm, fix up differences, and calm away unhappiness. Nevertheless, its real charm is the variety of rich, fantastic, and affordable colors.


Tanzanite is a unique gem unlike others and can only be discovered in one place on Earth: the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro. This treasure has an exotic silky blue with a rich overtone of purple—a rare color.

Among today's most prominent blue gemstones, Tanzanite diamond engagement rings can be found in various shapes, sizes, and striking arrays of blue tones. Seldom pure blue, Tanzanite usually displays its trademark overtones of purple. Tanzanite usually consists of lighter tones in smaller sized sizes, while the lavender color is extra common. In bigger sizes, Tanzanite presents typically a further, richer, and beautiful blue.


In colors of yellow, brownish, honey, green, blue, red, pink, and in some cases no color at all, Topaz has a mass appeal. Topaz is often found in an amber gold, yellow, or a flushing pink-orange; however, a light pink or a sherry red Topaz is remarkable. One of the most valued colors of Topaz is called Imperial Topaz and features a stunning orange with pink touches. Blue, the rarest color of Topaz, is the most usual today due to man's capacity to boost its color; Topaz with natural blue color is extremely rare.

The ancient Egyptians and Romans associated this gold gem with the sun god, offering it the power to recover and protect, enabling it to eliminate enchantment. With its worldwide mass appeal, you will quickly be under its spell when you find that perfect Topaz.


Offered in a spectrum of color and color mixes, Tourmaline meets its name, suggesting "mixed stone." With a rainbow of colors, Tourmaline can easily enhance any jewelry collection. Cranberry red, hot magenta, bubblegum pink, orange, peach, canary yellow, mint, grass and forest green, ocean blue, violet, Tourmaline comes in these colors, among others

Tourmaline is likewise recognized for presenting several colors in one gemstone. These tri-color or bi-color gems are formed in many combinations and are highly treasured. One multi-color variety is Watermelon Tourmaline and features green, pink, and white color bands. The gemstone is reduced into thin slices with a pink center, white ring, and green edge to resemble its namesake.

With Tourmaline available in many colors, you are sure to discover one in your favorite color.


Turquoise is amongst the earliest recognized gemstones. Its popularity has spanned the world for centuries, having graced Egyptian Pharaohs' necks and decorated very early Native Americans' ceremonial dress. This gorgeous robin's egg blue gemstone has been connected with healing powers, promoting the wearer's standing and wide range, protecting from wickedness, and bringing good fortune.

Turquoise is an opaque, light to dark blue or blue-green treasure whose finest color is an intense blue. Recognized as the matrix, these veins of color are sometimes in the form of a detailed pattern called a spider web.


Most individuals think of an intense sky blue when they hear Zircon. However, it is also offered in lovely planet tones of green, dark red, yellow, brown, and orange. Today, one of Zircon's most popular colors is the dazzling blue and brilliant Caribbean Sea colors.

In the Center Ages, Zircon was claimed to help in resting, bringing success, and advertising honor and wisdom in its proprietor.

Its beautiful color, rarity, and affordability are why it is becoming increasingly popular today. Some treasure collectors seek Zircon from various places, catching gems in every color of the rainbow—anemic (colorless), green, blue, yellow, brownish, orange, dark red, and all the colors in between.