Natural Gemstones | A-Z list of Precious and Semi Precious Stones

Sharif Khan
Sharif Khan
Last Updated    EST 

Natural gemstones are minerals or organic materials that find use in jewelry after undergoing cutting and polishing. They can be categorized into two primary groups: precious and semi-precious gemstones. While precious gemstones exhibit rarity, durability, and beauty, semi-precious natural gemstones might not possess all three of these qualities. Common examples of precious gemstones encompass diamond, sapphire, ruby, aquamarine, emerald, opal, and topaz. Conversely, the remaining gemstones generally fall within the semi-precious classification.

This guide extensively examines various types of natural gemstones, delving into their origins and distinctive characteristics. Presented in an A-Z arrangement, it aims to provide insights into these captivating pieces.

Search and Buy Fine Gemstones at our top-rated retailer. Also, check out this additional list of 24 Famous Gemstones.


Aleandarite gemstone

Gemstone type: Alexandrite is regarded as the color-changing type of Chrysoberyl.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Alexandrite is a type of Chrysoberyl, one of the rarest natural gemstones. Alexandrite is one of the most durable and hardest of all gemstones. Its unique chemical composition allows the gem to change color under the light. Alexandrite is very different from other types of Chrysoberyl; apart from titanium and iron, it also has a very high composition of chromium.

Alexandrite is well-known for its confidence-boosting properties. It also has very powerful calming properties, and it is known to bring success and happiness. Pancreatic disorders, swollen lymph nodes, and spleen-related problems are some of the disorders that are believed to be healed by wearing Alexandrite.

Gemstone origin and history: Alexandrite was first found in the early 1830s in the Ural Mountains range of Russia. Czar Alexander II was the ruler during this period, and this is where the gemstone derives its name from. In those times, Russia’s imperial color was also green and red, making Alexandrite an instant favorite of the people. The demand grew to an extent where the supply of Alexandrite in the Ural Mountains was exhausted, making it rare in contemporary times.

How famous is the gemstone? The rarity of this gemstone makes it one of the most famous natural gemstones. It is often faceted in cushion and round cut to enhance its color. As far as jewelry is concerned, Alexandrite is mostly used in pendants and rings. A large-sized Alexandrite is highly valuable and rare. Most of the Alexandrite available in the markets are about two or fewer carats.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Alexandrite is a birthstone for the month of June. The stone’s color-changing ability makes it an ideal birthstone for people born in the month of June, as they’re generally Geminis and known to have frequently changing moods.


Amethysts gemstone

Gemstone type: Amethyst is a type of quartz and semi-precious stone. Its purple/violet color is due to the stone's iron impurities, irradiation, and trace elements.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Amethyst is found in many different forms in a variety of rock types. It is highly sensitive to sun rays, and the UV rays can sometimes instantly dull the appearance of the stone. Not even the filtered sun rays in your room through windows or curtains should fall on this stone. Even though all the other types of quartz have this sensitivity to the sun, amethyst is the most sensitive. Moonlight is known to improve its appearance and enhance its properties.

Anger and difficulty finding a solution to emotional problems are two scenarios in which wearing amethyst can be very beneficial. It is also believed to create a positive field around the one wearing it. Thus, it is highly recommended for people who meditate. It also helps improve the immune system, respiratory system, skin-related problems, swelling, insomnia, headaches, and migraines.

Gemstone origin and history: Amethyst comes from the Greek word “amethyst,” which means ‘’not drunk’’. It comes from the belief that wearing amethyst protects the person from the harmful effects of drinking and over-indulgence. The belief was so popular that the Romans made vessels from this stone to store alcohol as they thought it would save them from intoxication.

It was known as the ‘Gem of Fire’ in ancient times and was as famous as the diamond. Amethyst was very famous, and people of high rank used it in their costumes. Christians thought the purple color of this stone was a symbol of Christ, so the bishops wore rings made from amethyst.

In modern times, amethyst is found in many different parts of the world. Mexico, Brazil, the United States, Germany, Africa, Madagascar, and Canada are some countries where amethyst is abundant.

How famous is the gemstone? Its purple hue has made it a favorite stone for buyers. Moreover, its healing properties are known to be very powerful, which has increased the demand for this stone worldwide.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Amethyst is the birthstone of February, which was dedicated to the water god Neptune by the Romans. This means that people who were born in the month of February can enjoy the enhanced powers of this stone.


Aquamarine engagement ring

Gemstone type: Aquamarine is a beryllium aluminum silicate and is the second most popular gemstone after emerald in the beryl family.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Like many other natural gemstones, aquamarine is formed very deep inside the cavities of some volcanic rocks. Its formation begins deep inside, and as the pressure rises and brings the lava to the earth's surface, it forms the rocks.

The rocks where Aquamarine is found are not as hard as they appear. As the magma travels from the depth of the earth, it forms many different types of gemstones. Rocks that absorb rich amounts of iron along with other materials result in the formation of aquamarine.

Aquamarine is one of the oldest gemstones making it part of many religious beliefs and part of healing properties and powers. Aquamarine is also known as the stone of courage, and it provides an improvement to mental strength and reduces anxiety.

Gemstone origin and history: It is difficult to know how far ago the origin of Aquamarine goes; many myths surround the stone. Sailors believed that the first Aquamarine stone was found in a treasure chest that belonged to mermaids. Aquamarine is considered the stone luck to ancient sailors. Archaeologists also found the gem in one of the statues of the God Poseidon (The God of freshwater and sea).

Aquamarine is a semiprecious gemstone in many parts of the world, including Australia, India, China, Brazil, Russia, Pakistan, and Zimbabwe.

How famous is the gemstone? Aquamarine is an affordable gemstone for most people, and it is a choice for people who don’t want to invest a lot of money in a gemstone. Thus, there is a very high demand for the gemstone worldwide.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Aquamarine is the birthstone for people who are born in the month of March. It is also an optional birthstone for people who are born in October. It is also associated with the astrological sign of the Scorpion.


Beryl Gemstone

Gemstone type: Beryl is a silicate made from beryllium aluminum cyclosilicate. It falls under the hexagon in the crystal system as it can be found in tabular to prismatic crystals.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Beryl is one of the most popular and beautiful gemstones. It comes in a wide range of colors and various varieties of gemstones. Aquamarine, emerald, Morganite, etc., are some of the different types of beryl. Beryl, in its purest form, is completely colorless. However, its impurities are responsible for its different colors. Beryl has a conchoidal fracture as well as a basal cleavage. Its hardness ranges from 7-8 on the Moh’s Scale. Besides its use as a gemstone, beryl is also used in manufacturing wire and copper.

Beryl is referred to as the ‘Stone of Creativity’ by many. It aids in improving intelligence and reducing tiredness. People looking for emotional or mental balance are advised to use this stone. Travelers are known to carry beryl as it is known to protect them from any kind of bad happenings during the journey. Liver diseases, asthma, and eye-related problems can be healed with this stone.

Gemstone origin and history: The discovery of beryl can be traced back thousands of years in ancient Egypt. However, it gets its name from the Greek word ‘Beryllos,’ a word given to all the green stones in the past. The beauty of this stone attracted many kings and queens in ancient times and was a very common addition to their clothes. It was found in many parts of the world and traded across large distances.

In modern times, the beryl found in Brazil is considered the highest quality. They have exceptional clarity, and the specimens found here are larger than those found in other parts of the world, like Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, and Namibia.

How famous is the gemstone? As the gemstone is not very rare and found in many different colors, it is one of the most preferred choices of buyers. Moreover, the stone is hard enough and can be easily polished and cut compared to many other gemstones.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Different types and colors of beryl are associated with different months. Aquamarine is for March; blue beryl is for October, and morganite is for November.


bloodstone gem

Gemstone type: Also known as heliotrope, bloodstone is a type of chalcedony that is a mixture of moganite and quartz.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: The bloodstone is green with red spots, resembling blood. It is found in large bluish, blackish, and dark green formations. The stone can be opaque to translucent with a resinous luster. Apart from red spots, some bloodstones also have white and yellow inclusions. At the same time, some do not have inclusions at all.

Bloodstone is thought to be a protecting stone and is highly recommended to protect someone from any kind of physical or verbal harm. It improves your thinking ability and allows you to make decisions faster by clearing confusion in your mind. It also helps clear the misunderstanding in a relationship and improves the relationship. Bloodstone also improves the immune system and infuses the body with energy. Inflammations, colds, flu, injuries, etc., can be healed with this stone.

Gemstone origin and history: Bloodstone has been known and treasured by man since ancient times. Many folklores surround the formation of this stone. However, the most famous is from Middle Ages, where people believed it to be formed when the blood from Christ’s wounds during his crucifixion fell on the ground and formed a stone. As a result, the bloodstone is known as a gem of sacrifice.

However, studies suggest that bloodstone has been in existence long before Christ. It was known as the Sun Stone in the past, and transcripts as old as 5000 years mention this stone as an exceptional healer. In modern times, this stone is found in the United States, Australia, and India.

How famous is the gemstone? Fine or Clean bloodstones are very difficult to find in the market. Apart from jewelry, these stones are also used for many healing rituals in India and other parts of the world.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Bloodstone is the birthstone for March and is also associated with the zodiac sign Aries.

Chrome Diopside

Chrome Diopside gemstone

Gemstone type: Chrome diopside belongs to the pyroxene family and is a chromium-rich calcium manganese silicate of gemstone quality.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Chrome diopside is known for its rich color. However, its impurities can also lead to a dark black, normally black, greenish-yellow, and rarely bluish-violet colors. The stone is generally found in small sizes, and the darkness of the stone increases with its size. As a result, these stones are generally unavailable in larger sizes, and even when available in larger sizes, they are almost black in color.

Chrome diopside is known as the ‘Stone of Planet’ and is thought to allow you to create a deep relationship with our planet’s energy. It also aids in improving creativity and takes you closer to your goals. Many people also believe that chrome diopside enhances the wearer's intellectual abilities, especially their analytical and mathematical abilities.

The stone also helps reduce stubbornness and aggression and is associated with commitment and love. Heart, kidney, psychological, and lungs related problems can be healed with this stone.

Gemstone origin and history: Chrome diopside is a relatively new addition to the world of gemstones and was not founded until 1988. Siberia was the only supplier of this stone earlier, and by the early 1990s, the stone was a rage throughout the world. The main reason for its high demand worldwide was its striking similarity to other very expensive green-colored stones like chrome tourmaline, tsavorite, emerald, etc., and it was available at a fraction of the cost of these expensive stones.

Apart from Russia, Pakistan is also a lead supplier of chromium-rich diopside. China, Finland, Myanmar, India, Austria, South Africa, and Sri Lanka are some other chrome diopside suppliers.

How famous is the gemstone? Even though the stone is very new to the world of gemstones, it has attracted the interest of buyers worldwide with its green beauty and affordability. Chrome diopside is the cheapest gemstone you can buy in rich green color.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Chrome diopside is not a traditional birthstone. However, it is associated with people born in March who have Pisces as their zodiac sign.


citrine gemstone

Gemstone type: The golden-yellow stone of citrine belongs to the quartz family. It is found in quartz veins. Even though quartz is very common, citrine is still among the rarest gemstones.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Citrine has a cryptocrystalline structure, meaning the stones are hexagonal. Its yellow color is due to the presence of iron particles. The citrine that occurs naturally is highly stable, and very strong radiation is required to change its color.

Citrine is widely used for physical, chakra, and emotional healing and is also known to have meditative powers. The Chinese system of Feng Shui is also known to use citrine for various purposes. Improved relations, creativity, protection from negative energies, and diminishing anger, fear, and anxiety are some of the healing properties of citrine.

Gemstone origin and history: Citrine was one of the most valued gemstones in the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations. They believed that the bright color of the stone helps brighten life and diminish negative energies. In the early 17 th century, citrine was used by the craftsmen of Scotland for decorating their weapons. Queen Victoria was highly responsible for the immense popularity of citrine in the romantic period, as many of her brooches, kilt pins, and dubhs had citrine in them.

The Chinese also believed citrine was a stone of success as it improved mental capabilities and eliminated misconceptions. This belief is still very much prevalent in China. It was also known as the ‘merchant’s stone’ in the past as the sailors used to believe that carrying citrine to their journeys would bring them wealth.

How famous is the gemstone? The stone's rarity has resulted in the commercial formation of synthetic citrine by heating amethyst and smoky quart at very high temperatures. Many geologists also believe that natural citrine is also formed when amethyst and smoky quartz are introduced to the high heat of magma. Thus, if you want to buy citrine, ensure you’re buying it from a reputable source.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Citrine is an alternate birthstone for November and is associated with people born under the astrological sign of Cancer or in the summer months.


loose diamond

Gemstone type: Diamonds are the hardest type of all the minerals found on Earth. It is an allotrope of carbon and is a transparent crystal of carbon atoms that are tetrahedrally bonded.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: The high pressure and temperature start crystallizing the carbon about 150 km deep from the earth’s surface. The crystallized carbon then combines with the magma and rises into the earth’s crust. This collision of crystallized carbon and magma results in the formation of narrow, long pipes that accommodate all the contents essential for forming diamonds. When these pipes erode, the diamonds get exposed.

Diamond is known to unite the soul with the body. Diamond helps improve the nervous system, balances the brain hemispheres, and strengthens the brain. This aids and minimizes the chances of getting strokes and epilepsy.

Gemstone origin and history: Known as the women’s best friends, diamonds were first discovered about 4000 years ago in India. The Roman and Greek empires used to believe that diamonds were pieces of falling stars or god’s tears that had hardened over time. In the dark ages, diamonds also treated diseases and kept evil spirits away.

In the middle ages, diamonds were given more importance for their value, not their healing powers. This shift was further accelerated when some colored diamonds were found. The ancient kings believed that wearing diamond-embedded armor would protect them in wars. Whereas for Egyptians, the diamond symbolized the sun, courage, power, and truth.

How famous is the gemstone? Diamonds are undoubtedly the most famous natural gemstone throughout the world. It is among the most expensive of all-natural gemstones, and its demand is always very high.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? A diamond is an April birthstone and is associated with the astrological sign of Aries.


emerald gemstone

Gemstone type: Emerald is a type of mineral beryl, beryllium, and aluminum silicate.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Beryl is commonly found in rocks. Beryl is formed when the hot steam, known as hydrothermal veins, rises from the depth of the earth's surface. Due to these hydrothermal veins, the emerald can get beryllium, an essential component of this gemstone. The green Emerald stone is formed when all the right conditions combine in a single place and start heating.

Emerald is generally considered a symbol of youth for both men and women. It works as a stone of love and is known to open the heart of the one wearing it, enabling them to express and explore their feelings. This stone is also known to promote friendship, tranquility, peace, compassion, and justice. Many people also consider it to be a symbol of hope and productivity.

Gemstone origin and history: The lush green gem is part of many cultures and beliefs. Emeralds were extremely expensive in ancient times, and there is evidence of them being sold in the Babylonian markets in 4000 BC. The stone gets its name from the Greek word ‘Smaragdos,’ which translates into ‘green stone.’ The oldest finds of this gemstone were in Egypt’s Red Sea area.

How famous is the gemstone? Emeralds are undoubtedly one of the most beautiful gemstones in the world, and as a result, many imitations and synthetics are made available in the market. Therefore when buying a large Emerald, one should ask for a report from an approved gemological institute.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? The Emerald is a May birthstone and relates to nurturing qualities. Qualities of the Emerald are similar to people born in May and known to have characteristics of faithfulness, loyalty to friends, and love.

Fire Opal

opal gemstone

Gemstone type: Fire opal is the gem form of amorphous hydrated silicon dioxide without its crystalline structure.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: There are many different types of Opal, and the Fire Opal is one of its many types. Silica is carried by the water when the water travels through the earth. This silica-rich water settles into voids and cracks, which are caused due to decomposing fossils or natural disorientation. This process is repeated repeatedly, resulting in the formation of Opal. Fire Opal is orange to red or yellow to orange in color, which separates it from other types of Opal. Additionally, Fire Opal, like all the other varieties of Opal, doesn’t exhibit a lot of color composition. It has a cloudy or hazy appearance due to slight opalescence.

The Fire Opal is very effective in overcoming any kind of emotional distress. Medically, Fire Opal regulates the lower back and abdomen. It is also useful in healing the intestines, adrenal glands, and kidneys.

Gemstone origin and history: Mexico is generally where the Fire Opal is found in abundance. The mines of Queretaro in Mexico have been known to discover Fire Opal since 1835 and are still operational. Some of the Fire Opal from Mexico have a golden or a bluish internal shine, making the Fire Opal known as Hydrocephalus Opal. Oregon, Guatemala, British Columbia, Canada, Australia, and the USA are other locations where fire opal is found.

How famous is the gemstone? Fire Opal is one of the most delicate natural gemstones and needs much care. However, there is a huge demand in the market for Fire Opal. People generally like to wear this stone in rings. Using a fire opal in rings is not recommended; however, if you want to use it in a ring, ensure you get a protective ring setting.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? The fire opal is an October birthstone. The fire opal is generally associated with emotions, hope, purity, and innocence. And the people born in October are known to suffer from emotional turbulences and lose hope too easily; thus, wearing fire opal can bring peace and harmony to their lives.


Garnet gemstone

Gemstone type: Garnet has a mineral class of its own which is a type of silicate minerals identical in crystal structure, but differs in chemical composition.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Garnet is a component of Isomorphous, meaning different minerals with the same crystal form, but their specific elements are different. Amandine and Pyrope are the most widely used Garnet gemstones; both are found in stones and have the rich red color garnet is known for. Almandine color is deep red and chemically is iron-aluminum garnet. Pyrope is red in color and chemically aluminum silicate.

Garnet's chemical composition allows its hardness to be between 6.5 and 8.5. The gemstone is known for its rich red color. However, garnets are also found in many colors, including orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, blue, black, pink, and colorless. Garnets can’t be enhanced and treated in heat or irradiation; their colors are natural. The most famous color is red, and blue is the rarest.

Gemstone origin and history: Garnet’s silicate minerals have existed since the Bronze Age. Garnet is used as a gemstone and a tool for shaping workpieces through rubbing to remove unwanted parts. Garnet is found in many places around the world. The most popular red Garnet is in Madagascar and Mozambique; Pyrope is in parts of the United States, Russia, Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia, and Turkey.

The word Garnet comes from the 14 th-century word garnet, meaning ‘dark red.’ Garnet was commonly used in the Late Antique Roman world and the Migration Period art of the barbarian people.

How famous is the gemstone? As garnets are available in a wide range of beautiful colors, red, orange, green, etc., it is one of the preferred choices of people who want to experiment with colors. As a result, garnets of all colors are in high demand worldwide.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Garnet is a birthstone for the month of January; however, due to the wide range of colors in which it is available, it can be given as a gift for any occasion.


Kornerupine gemstone

Gemstone type: Kornerupine is very rare and belongs to the boro-silicate family. It has a complex composition and includes iron, magnesium, and aluminum.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Karnerupine is an extremely rare transparent to translucent gemstone. It is generally greenish-yellow to brown-green in color. Its green color is due to the presence of vanadium. Other colors of kornerupine, like white, yellow, blue, and pink, are even rarer. It is known to have a very strong pleochroism property which can range from greenish yellow to brownish red under different colors and at different angles. While there are many other stones of similar color, kornerupine’s luster and pleochroism sets it apart. It has a good hardness of 6-7 on the Mohs Scale.

Even though the stone is very rare, it has been extensively used for healing and in the metaphysical world. Stabilizing emotions is the main use of this stone. Calming strong feelings, breaking barriers, providing solutions to a problem related to any walk of life, and finding the actual cause of any problem are some of the scenarios in which this stone s used. It is also used to transform character and personality. Many also believe that kornerupine helps people understand the true meaning of unconditional love.

Gemstone origin and history: Kornerupine comes from Danish artist and naturalist Andreas Kornerup. It first appeared in 1887 when its non-gemstone quality was discovered in Greenland. Later, around 1890, the gemstone quality of this stone was also discovered. Many studies suggest that kornerupine was traded as ‘Prismatine’ in the past as no other stone is yet found that closely resembles pristine.

Even though the stone is very rare, colorful deposits of this stone have been found in Africa. This has led to an increasing demand for this beautiful stone. Australia, Burma, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Canada, Madagascar, and Norway are other places where kornerupine is found.

How famous is the gemstone? The stone is extremely rare, so its demand for jewelry use is not very high. However, the beauty of this stone has made it a collector’s favorite.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Kornerupine is not a traditional birthstone and is not generally associated with any month or zodiac sign.


Kunzite gemstone

Gemstone type: Kunzite belongs to the spodumene family and is an aluminum-lithium silicate.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Kunzite gets their color from the presence of magnesium in them. While it is generally pink, it can also achieve shades of purple to violet depending on the content of magnesium in them. The irradiation process can be used on kunzite to enhance its appearance. However, the stone is highly sensitive to light and heat. It has a pleochroic property, allowing it to exhibit different colors in different crystal directions. It is also known as a gemstone with the least number of inclusions in them, and as a result, finding finished clean kunzite is very common.

Kunzite is often called the ‘Women’s Stone’ and is highly recommended for new mothers. Small kids who cannot keep up with new changes in their life are also advised to wear this stone. Its peaceful pink rays are known to eliminate negativity and are also very beneficial for overcoming heartbreaks. For a very long time, travelers also carry kunzite to protect them through their journeys.

Gemstone origin and history: Kunzite was unknown until the early 1900s and is one of the youngest gemstones. It is named after the jeweler and mineralogist George Kuntz, who was responsible for the classification of the stone in 1902. It was first discovered in California and is now found in Madagascar, USA, Brazil, and Afghanistan.

How famous is the gemstone? Kunzite has a hardness of 6 to 7 on Moh’s Scale, but its perfect cleavage makes it very difficult to cut the stone. However, technological advancements have allowed jewelers and cutters to give a shape to the stone easily. But, it is still very difficult to re-cut the stone when it is already given a particular shape. Being a new addition to the world of gemstones, kunzite has many buyers worldwide. Moreover, as the stone is found in large sizes, their cost too is not very high.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Kunzite is fairly new to the gemstones kingdom and has no specific birth month. However, many people believe it to be a birthstone for February.



Gemstone type: Kyanite is a member of the aluminosilicate family. It is highly anisotropic in nature, meaning that its hardness varies due to its direction of crystallography.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: kyanites are generally transparent but can also have a pearl's translucent shine. It is a long, bladed crystal in shades like green, black, white, indigo, gray, yellow, orange, and pink. Apart from its use as a gemstone, it is also used in industries due to its high heat resistance. Railroads, refractory porcelain, mortars, and kiln furniture are some industries in which kyanite is used.

Kyanite has been known as a symbol of loyalty and aids in clearing disputes among people. Improving communication, eradicating the gap between ideas and beliefs, etc., are some scenarios in which this stone can work magic. If you’re about to deliver a speech to a group of people, wearing or holding kyanite through the speech will provide you with confidence and energy. Children with difficulty bonding with other children are also advised to wear kyanite.

Gemstone origin and history: Kyanite comes from the Greek word ‘Kyanos,’ which means ‘Blue.’ It has been known to man for many centuries, and ancient transcripts dating back to the 1800s mention this stone. The stone was used to adorn weapons for the royals and was in high demand worldwide in the 1800s.

In modern times kyanite is found in many different parts of the world, like Brazil, India, Cambodia, Russia, Nepal, Serbia, and the United States of America. Kyanite, with an orange hue, has been recently found in Tanzania. Nepal is considered the lead supplier of the finest kyanite gemstones.

How famous is the gemstone? As the gemstone is abundant in many parts of the world and has many different shades, the stone is preferred by buyers who want to spend less on colorful gemstones.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Kyanite doesn’t have a specific birth month. However, people with the zodiac sign of Taurus are associated with it.


Kunzite gemstone

Gemstone type: Jasper belongs to the silicate family as its impure and opaque variety. Chalcedony and/or micro quartz aggregation results in the formation of this stone; however, it can also consist of other types of mineral phases.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Jasper fills a fissure and nodules in many parts of the world. It can be yellow, red, orange, green, or brown in color. Sometimes, it can also be in shades of purple or blue. Each color of jasper has a different name, like leopard skin jasper, Dalmatian jasper, mookaite jasper, brecciated jasper, etc.

Jasper is called a ‘Supreme Nurturer’ and is known to provide the one wearing it with security, comfort, and stability. It creates a peaceful aura around the wearer and eliminates negativity. Different types of jasper have their own unique abilities. Protecting from curses, improving creativity, encouraging ecological awareness, and improving family bonds are some of the different uses of this stone.

Gemstone origin and history: Jasper has been known to mankind since ancient times. Kings, priests, and shamans used to wear these stones as they were known to provide strength and were considered very sacred. Egyptians used to carve jasper amulets and bury them with the mummies to allow for a safe passage into the other world. It gets its name from the Hebrew word ‘Jashpeh.’

Today, it can be found in many parts of the world. Some of the most famous deposits are in India, Canada, Egypt, Russia, the United States of America, and Mexico.

How famous is the gemstone? As jasper is very attractive and found in abundance, it is one of the most commonly used ornamental stones. It is inexpensive and is generally used in earrings, bracelets, and necklaces.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Jasper is not a traditional birthstone but is associated with the month of March.



Gemstone type: Known as the ‘Queen of Gems’, Pearl is made of 80-85% calcium carbonate, 10-15% conchiolin, and 5% water. Pearl comes in many colors, like white, light pink, red, blue, green, brown, and yellow. However, the most expensive and valued pearl is the one that is white and perfectly round.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Tre are many different types of pearls- Natural pearls, Salt Water Pearls, Fresh Water Pearls, and Imitation Pearls. Natural pearls are the most expensive as they occur naturally, while all the other types have some kind of human manipulation in their formation.

Pearls are scarce, especially naturally occurring ones, so they are very expensive. They are known for creating a feeling of relaxation and positivity by eliminating the negative elements. Pearl is also known to improve creativity, intuition, and power. Traditional Chinese medicines are known to contain pearl as they believe it can treat heart-related problems, fever, bleeding, and indigestion. Pearl’s powder is also added to many skin-lightening remedies.

Gemstone origin and history: Pearls have always been very rare, and as a result, in ancient times, only the royals could afford them. They were very famous for so long, and the Roman Empire was known to have an abundance of pearl jewelry. In the 1500s, the pearl was so famous that this period in Tudor, England, was called the ‘Pearl Age.’ In the 1900s, humans learned to create pearls, which lowered the cost and price of pearls.

How famous is the gemstone? Pearl always had a royal feeling; even now, it is a sign of social and fashion statements. While natural pearls are still very expensive and rare, people generally wear imitation, salt, or seawater pearls in jewelry.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Pearl is the birthstone for June, along with Alexandrite and Moonstone. For a very long time, pearls are also considered a gift for the 30 th anniversary.



Gemstone type: Peridot is the gemstone form of olivine, a silicate mineral.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Peridot is rich in magnesium and has different shades of green depending on its origin. It is one of those stones that take thousands of years to form, so they are scarce and expensive. The olivine mineral undergoes crystallization at very high pressure and temperature to form peridot. Moreover, the formation of peridot also requires a very high melting point; due to this, the gemstone is found in deep basalt rocks, volcanic rocks, and the earth’s mantle.

Peridot has long been symbolized by light and is a stone that helps ward off negativity. Thus, this stone is highly recommended for people suffering from psychological problems. It also helps in balancing your emotions. Stomach, kidney, and liver-related problems. It is also known to regenerate the body's tissues and, as a result, is highly recommended for treating insect bites. Peridot is also placed in wallets, purses, money boxes, and citrine to attract money.

Gemstone origin and history: Peridot is one of the oldest gemstones known to men. Vast deposits of this stone were found near the Red Sea in 1500 B.C. These gems were rare during this period, so the peridot found in this area was mined and supplied worldwide. It is also believed that the green emeralds of Cleopatra were peridots. These stones are also mentioned in the Bible as chrysolite.

Ancient people of Hawaii believed that peridots were tears of the goddess Pele, known as the goddess of fire, volcanoes, and lightning.

How famous is the gemstone? As the gem is scarce, it is costly as well. Thus, if people want a green stone, they prefer other gemstones in the same color, which are cheaper than peridot. If you wish to purchase peridot, buy it from a trustworthy source, as many other green stones look similar to peridot to the naked eye.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Peridot is the birthstone of August and is also associated with people who have zodiac signs of Gemini, Leo, Sagittarius, and Virgo.


Gemstone type: Quartz is the second most commonly found mineral in the earth’s crust. Chemically, silicon dioxide is found in many types of metamorphic, sedimentary, and igneous rocks.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Quartz is available in various colors and forms. However, its lack of cleavage and a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale distinguishes it from all the other naturally-occurring minerals. Most of the quartz is colorless. However, some have slight traces of chemicals responsible for the color change. Some of these colored quartz are so common that they have their very own names, like amethyst, rose quartz, milky quartz, etc.

Quartz is highly resistant to chemicals, and it is thought that the dinosaurs ate gastroliths, which were large stones to help them with their digestion and were mostly made of quartz.

Mythically, Quartz is also known as one of the most powerful stones. It helps boost your energy and is highly beneficial for meditation, healing, manifesting, and protection. Quartz helps reduce negativity in people and brings clarity on the physical, mental, and spiritual front. As it also aids in improving the cognitive process, quartz is also known to enhance creativity and inspiration. Being a Master Healer stone, it is also used in many healing rituals.

Gemstone origin and history: Man has known quartz since pre-historic times, and it has been mentioned under many different names like ‘quartz,’ ‘quartz,’ etc., in the transcripts, which are as old as 500 years. The majority of tools in the stone age were made from quartz. The stone was traded across very far distances even before the development of agricultural societies.

Quartz is one of the most valuable minerals in the past and modern times. Manufacturing glass, sandblasting, grinding media, foundry sand, petroleum industry, etc., are some of the uses of quartz. Moreover, it is also the most commonly found mineral in many different parts of the world. The United States and Brazil are two of the primary producers of quartz.

How famous is the gemstone? As quartz is available in a wide range of colors, has a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale, and is chemical resistant, it is an ideal gemstone. Moreover, quartz is cheaper than many other gemstones. It is also in very high demand for its industrial use. It can also be manufactured and imitated.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Many different types of quartz are birth-date gemstones for other months. Rose quartz and garnet are for January; clear quartz is for April; amethyst is for February, etc.


Gemstone type: Rhodonite belongs to the pyroxenoid family of minerals and is a manganese chain silicate (isosilicate).

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Rhodonite shares its pink beauty with its sister stone, rhodochrosite. It is generally found in granular or massive habits, coxcomb aggregates, compact groupings, and sometimes in a transparent form with thick tabs and rounded edges. In its massive form, the stone is generally red to rose pink with black veins or spots due to the presence of manganese oxide. The stone can also be brownish or orange-red. However, they are extremely rare. Even when found, they’re less than 1 gram in weight.

Rhodonite is widely known as a healer and infuses calmness while suffering from stress and anxiety. Emotional trauma, loss of someone close, anger, and self-destruction are some of the scenarios in which this stone is thought to be exceptionally effective. The richer the stone's color, the more effective it is and the longer its effect.

Gemstone origin and history: Rhodonite was first found in the early 1790s in Russia. It was called ‘Orlets’ initially, which meant ‘Eagle Stone’ as the locals often found eagles carrying small pieces of this stone for their newborns. This resulted in a ritual of placing this stone close to the newborn babies. It was also believed that the stone protected the travelers during their journey. In the 1800s, a very large amount of this stone was found in the Ural Mountain region of Russia, and it was widely used for making jewelry and ornamental carvings which were worn by nobles and Czars. Moreover, in 1913, Rhodonite also became Russia’s national stone. In 1819, Christoph Jasche named the stone Rhodonite from the Greek word ‘Rhodon,’ which means ‘Rose.’

Rhodonite is not very commonly found, and it is found in Russia, Sweden, Australia, Brazil, England, and the United States.

How famous is the gemstone? The rarity and beauty of the stone have attracted buyers and collectors worldwide. As a result, the stone is in very high demand.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Rhodonite is not a traditional birthstone, but it is associated with people born between October 22 and November 20.


Gemstone type: Rhodochrosite is a red-colored manganese carbonate and belongs to the calcite group. The ones with deep red color are considered the purest of the rhodochrosites among its other shades like pale brown, pink, etc.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Individual rhodochrosite crystals are found in rhombohedrons and sometimes in octahedrons shape. Finer stones are used in jewelry, but their hardness of merely 3.5 to 4 on Moh’s Scale makes it difficult to cut and polish. Rhodonite is a gemstone that looks identical to rhodochrosite to the naked eye. However, rhodonite is harder than rhodochrosite and also has different cleavage.

Rhodochrosite is a valuable stone for emotional healing and symbolizes love and compassion. It is also a confidence booster and aids in bringing a balance to life. The stone is also known to help overcome life's problems and brings in a deep sense of happiness and joy. Problems related to digestion, the spleen, kidney, and pancreas can be treated with the help of this stone.

Gemstone origin and history: Rhodochrosite derives its name from the Greek word ‘Rhodon,’ which means ‘Rose,’ and ‘Chroma,’ which means ‘Color’ owing to the color of the stone. It has been unknown to man for a long time, and its use in ornaments began just before World War II. During this period, Argentina was the lead supplier of this stone. It was found in an old mine that the Incas used to find copper and silver. Due to this, the stone was called ‘Inca Rose’ and ‘Rosinca’ during this period. Colorado and Montana were some of the other suppliers of this stone.

Today, rhodochrosites are mainly found in Argentina: South Africa, Mexico, the United States, and Peru.

How famous is the gemstone? Rhodochrosites' beautiful patterns and colors make it an ideal choice for rings, pendants, and earrings. Even though the stone is very soft and difficult to cut and polish, it is in great demand worldwide.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Rhodochrosite is not a traditional birthstone but is associated with people with Scorpio as their zodiac sign.



Gemstone type: Ruby is pink to dark red aluminum oxide, a type of corundum.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Ruby is one of those natural gemstones whose formation is still a mystery. It is a corundum type, the second hardest mineral after diamond. Corundum is made from closely packed oxygen and aluminum atoms. The brightness of ruby is due to the existence of a small amount of chromium, and the more the amount of chromium, the darker the stone. Chromium is rarely found on Earth, and this is what makes ruby a geological miracle.

The red-colored gemstone is known to improve blood flow. It is very effective in easing rheumatism, spasms, menstruation, anemia, and other blood-related disorders. It is also known to reduce hyperactivity and improves concentration and thinking ability. The dark red color of the ruby also signifies love. It is often associated with compassion and heightened emotions.

Gemstone origin and history: Burma, now known as Myanmar, is where the best rubies are found. The mines in Myanmar are hundreds of years old, known for dark red and deep pink rubies. Thailand, Australia, USA, Africa, Cambodia, Nepal, India, and Afghanistan are other places where ruby is found.

How famous is the gemstone? The mysterious gemstone is in high demand throughout the world. Due to the increasing demand for the stone, any new source of this beautiful stone is received with much excitement.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Ruby is the birthstone of July due to the matching traits of the stone and people born in the month of July. It is compatible with the astrological signs of Scorpio, Leo, Cancer, and Sagittarius.



Gemstone type: Sapphire, like Ruby, is also a type of Corundum. Scientifically, they’re both the same; the only difference is their color. While ruby is deep pink to dark red, sapphire comes in many colors, especially shades of blue.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Corundum is a highly stable, tough, and very hard mineral. The mineral is unaffected by external minerals and acids. Corundum is also one of the most easily synthesized minerals. Moreover, heat treatment artificially allows sapphire stones to get their deep and enhanced color.

Gemstone origin and history: The origins of sapphire can be traced back to the 15 th century. Throughout history, there have been references made to this beautiful gemstone. Helen of Troy, Princess Diana, Princess Anne, Queen Victoria, and Prince Albert are all known to have this gemstone.

In ancient times, sapphire was a symbol of spiritual strength. Hindus and Buddhists believed that the stone had a quality of enlightening the spirits, while the Christians used to wear this stone to ward off negative energies. Sapphire is known to provide emotional strength and stimulate a feeling of acceptance and forgiveness.

How famous is the gemstone? Sapphire is available in many colors, but the blue sapphire is the most famous. Many different colors are associated with different qualities, and as a result, there is a great demand for all different colors of sapphire throughout the world.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Sapphire is the birthstone of September, as it matches the qualities of people born this month. People of Taurus are also advised to wear the sapphire.


Gemstone type: Serpentine is not a completely separate mineral but a group of minerals that are related to each other. It is made up of hydrated magnesium silicate. The stone is often spotted or mottled, which gives it the name serpentine, associating it with a snake’s skin.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Serpentine is generally a combination of Chrysolite, Antigorite, and some minor traces of other minerals. Chrysolite is responsible for the fibrous form of the mineral, and Antigorite provides it with a solid state. Serpentine is a common rock-forming stone in weather and metamorphic, igneous rocks. Serpentine is responsible for making these rocks green; as a matter of fact, many green minerals and gemstones have some amount of serpentine in them. Its color can range from yellow to olive green, black, and brown. On the Mohs Scale, give it a hardness of 3.5 to 4.5.

Serpentine is believed to stimulate the energies of the body and aids in eliminating any kind of block in the chakras. Heart and lung-related problems can be healed with this stone. People who desire to activate their kundalini generally use this stone. It is also an excellent stone for people who meditate, as it eliminates negativity and creates a feeling of inner peace. Balancing mood swings and protection from poisonous creatures like insects, snakes, etc., are some of the other uses of this stone.

Gemstone origin and history: The stone gets its name from the Greek word ‘Serpens,’ which means snake due to the appearance of the stone. It is one of the oldest known stones. The Aztec civilization highly valued the stone, which used to be part of their many sacred rituals.

This stone is commonly found in many parts of the world today. Britain, Russia, Brazil, Australia, Zimbabwe, Norway, and Russia are some places where this stone is abundant. The color of the serpentine depends on the location where it is found. The ones found in Arizona, USA, are known for their color and are called lizard stones.

How famous is the gemstone? As the gemstone is commonly found, it has a great demand worldwide. Dealers, collectors, and healers are attracted to the beauty and power of this stone.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Serpentine is not a traditional birthstone but is generally associated with the zodiac sign of Gemini.



Gemstone type: The spinel gemstone belongs to the large spinel family and is an aluminum-magnesium member.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Spinel comes in many different colors, but buyers generally prefer the ones in bright red color. It is one of the most underrated gemstones due to its similar appearance to ruby. The gemstone has a single refraction with similar physical properties in all crystal directions. It is a rare gemstone, and its rarity is another factor that has declined its demand.

Apart from their use in jewelry, spinels are also known for their metaphysical properties. They are some beliefs that it boosts energy and attracts money. They also help in improving your intellectual power and reducing memory loss. Some of its other properties are boosting memory, communication skills, creativity, self-esteem, and reducing fear. All kinds of inflammations, muscle, joint pains, and improving stamina and energy are other uses of spinel.

Gemstone origin and history: Even though it is an under-appreciated stone, it has been known to man for centuries. Some ancient mines that supplied gemstones to the royals were also known to supply spinel. However, it was generally confused with sapphire or ruby. Burma is known for its spinel, and since the 1580s, the stone has been mined there as a separate gemstone species. Even during this period and hundreds of years later, spinel was not considered a different gemstone in many parts of the world.

In modern times, spinel has become one of the favorites of collectors and dealers due to its wide range of colors, hardness, and beauty. Burma is still the lead supplier of this stone, while Tajikistan, Tanzania, and Sri Lanka also supply spinel.

How famous is the gemstone? Even though the stone didn’t get any appreciation as a separate species in the past, it is highly preferred by dealers and collectors in modern times. Its hardness allows jewelers to cut and polish the stone easily, while its cheaper costs have made it a favorite of buyers.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Natural spinel has no designation as a birthstone. However, they are imitated in laboratories to look like other generally expensive birthstones.


Gemstone type: Sphlarite is a common zinc mineral and its most important ore. The gemstone is a zinc sulfide generally found worldwide in sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Sphlarite is a zinc sulfide with varied amounts of iron. Generally, the higher the temperature, the higher the iron in the stone. However, iron is not more than 25% of the total weight of the stone. Small amounts of cadmium, gallium, and germanium are also found in the stone.

Sphalerite is available in many colors and shines; it can also range from adamantine to resinous or submetallic to nonmetallic. Sometimes it is also found in transparent form. Its cleavage is one of the most important factors that has made sphalerite a favorite of many—a perfect cleavage in six different directions, along with faces with an adamantine to resinous luster.

Sphalerite is thought to be a mineral of power, grounding, and vitality. The stone enhances the wearer's perception and allows them to solve problems and choose the right path. Apart from this, it is also known to improve sexual energy and creativity. Healing wounds, recovering from an illness, helping treat immune-related problems, etc., are some of the different things the stone can do.

Gemstone origin and history: Sphalerita has a fascinating history to its name. It was known as ‘Blende,’ a German word used to describe a yellow or black stone that does not contain metal but looks like metal. The miners in the 16th century referred to it as a stone that ‘blinds and deceives.’ However, in the 18th century, a chemist named Georg Brandt found this stone to contain zinc ore. However, part of the old mythical name is still with the stone as ‘Sphalerite’ comes from ‘Sphaleros,’ a Greek word that means ‘deceiving.’

Sphalerite is abundant in many parts of the world, like England, Switzerland, Hungary, Spain, and the following states in the U.S. Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, and Wisconsin.

How famous is the gemstone? The gemstone has a hardness of 3.0 to 4.0 on the Mohs scale, therefore, it cannot be used for jewelry purposes. It is also tough to polish and cut. Even the smallest of accidents while polishing or cutting the stone can completely ruin the stone. As a result, it is not generally used for jewelry purposes. However, some of its specimens that have high clarity are used to make pendants.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Sphalerite is not a traditional zodiac stone or birthstone. However, they are still generally associated with people born under the Gemini sign.



Gemstone type: Spodumene belongs to the silicate family and is an aluminum-lithium silicate. It is found in the veins of pegmatite.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Spodumene is commonly found and not valued as a gemstone. However, it is a lithium ore with many industrial applications. Moreover, two of its varieties, Hiddenite and Kunzite, are highly valued as gemstones. Spodumene has pleochroic properties, and its shades can range from violet to yellow from different angles and under different lights. Spodumene is often found in large crystals.

Spodumene is believed to have the ability to help finish tasks that are stuck for a while sooner. It is known to rebuild the body's DNA structure and accelerate cellular development. Improving optimism and restoring energy are some of the other benefits of this stone. Spodumene is also known to aid the treatment of hearing problems, eye-related conditions, nervous system problems, sensory problems, and epilepsy.

Gemstone origin and history: The stone gets its name from the Greek word ‘Spodoumenos,’ which means ‘reduced to ash’ as the earlier specimens of this stone were ashy or grayish in color. It was first found in the early 1800s in Sweden and was earlier called as ‘Triphane’. Even though pure spodumene was not valued much, kunzite and hiddenite were exclusively traded between the 1800s and 1900s.

Its demand increased immensely due to its industrial use. One of the most important uses of this stone is in the production of lithium which is used in lithium-based batteries. Today, spodumene is found in many different parts of the world. Brazil, Afghanistan, Brazil, and the United States are the lead supplier of this stone.

How famous is the gemstone? Spodumene is not generally valued as a gemstone but is in high demand due to its industrial use. Two of its types, kunzite, and hiddenite are highly valued and extensively used in jewelry.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Spodumene is not a traditional birthstone but is associated with people born between June 21 to July 21.



Gemstone type: The tanzanite gemstone is a zoisite mineral belonging to the epidote group. It is from the silicate family with a chemical form of aluminum hydroxyl calcium silicate.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Tanzanite is known for its trichroic property, which allows it to exhibit different colors when viewed from different angles. It generally has a purple to blue color; however, yellow, red, brown, burgundy, etc., are some colors that can be exhibited from the same stone under different lights and angles. Tanzanite in pure blue is the most wanted stone and is generally very expensive. Blue, green, and pink tanzanites are other preferred choices.

Tanzanite is thought to have a healing effect on the immune system and detoxifies the blood. Psychological problems like stress, anxiety, depression, etc., can also be healed with this stone. This stone is also recommended for people addicted to alcohol to prevent the side effects of surgeries and medications. Heart problems, fertility problems in women, headaches, and migraines are some of the other issues for which tanzanite is believed to be very helpful.

Gemstone origin and history: Tanzanite was discovered in Tanzania in 1967, and is still the lead supplier of this stone. It is believed that these stones were created by lightning in the Meralini Hills area of Tanzania. The lightning resulted in a fire in this area, and when the fire was cooled, the residents found tanzanite on the ground. In the 1970s, Tiffany and Co. was the only supplier of this stone. But, many small dealers too could get a mining license from the government of Tanzania.

However, due to the limited availability of this stone, only 150 licenses were distributed among miners. As a result, tanzanite is among the rarest gemstones in the world.

How famous is the gemstone? As gemstone is rare and expensive, people generally do not prefer buying jewelry with tanzanite in them. However, collectors love this gem for its beauty and rarity. It is also said that this stone will be available for about 20 more years only, and if no other location is found with tanzanite, its cost will rise significantly.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Tanzanite is the birthstone of December and is also associated with people who have Pisces or Aries as their zodiac sign.


Topaz gemstone

Gemstone type: Topaz is a silicate mineral generally associated with the igneous rocks of silicic, rhyolite, and granite types.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: Topaz comprises fluoride, silicon, and aluminum. It is formed in quartz veins of high temperature and pegmatites. It is placed by vapors that are rich in fluorine and rhyolite compositions. Its shape depends on the cavities in which it is formed. It is produced when all the elements, especially fluorine, and aluminum, undergo the crystallization process. The topaz can also be heated to change its color to deep blue or pure pink.

Topaz is believed to provide an abundance of health benefits. It controls and stabilizes the heart and regulates the spinal column. Bleeding, inflammations, goiter, deafness, infections, anorexia, and whooping cough are some of the other illnesses that Topaz can heal.

Gemstone origin and history: Topaz is thought to be named after the word ‘Topazos,’ a small island near the Red Sea. Romans found the stone on the island and named it Topaz. Some documents also suggest that the word ‘Topaz’ comes from Sanskrit and translates into fire.

The Romans and the Greeks had great value for topaz. A very small yellow topaz was at Schneckenstein in Germany in medieval times, and from the mid-1700s to early 1800s, deep mining took place at this location to discover topaz. A large number of famous historical figures used to own Topaz as well. In modern times, Brazil is the largest site for topaz mining. Pakistan, Russia, Germany, Italy, Japan, and Mexico are other places where topaz is found.

How famous is the gemstone? Topaz is very famous for its beauty as well as its healing properties. It is in high demand worldwide, and the stone has also been widely used in jewelry.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Topaz is the birthstone of November. Topaz aids in improving creativity, and people who’re born in the month of November are known to have creative qualities.



Gemstone type: Tourmaline is a semi-precious stone made from various hydrous minerals.

Gemstone characteristics and natural properties: The tourmaline stone is generally found in Pegmatite's veins, an igneous rock. The aqueous solution in molten magma undergoes the cooling process, resulting in Pegmatite formation. Over time, rainwater and minerals combine within magma veins and cool to hard surfaces. This results in the formation of many different types of stones, including tourmaline.

Wide, deep blue and green varieties of tourmaline are known to have pleochroic properties, i.e., the stone appears to be of different colors from different angles.

Of all the natural gemstones, it’s a tourmaline with the most metaphysical properties. Different colors of tourmaline are known to exhibit different properties.

Blue tourmaline is a calming stone known to have a soothing effect. It brings joy and improves tolerance and kindness. It is also known to improve communication skills and enhance awareness.

Black tourmaline is associated with psychic protection and is highly recommended for people who work in difficult environments. Anxiety, anger, negative thoughts, and poor self-esteem are some things a black tourmaline can help you with.

Red tourmaline is linked to love and emotions. It is very effective in improving your relationships and treating old wounds. It also gives you strength and courage in times of need.

Pink tourmaline is also associated with love and emotions. It symbolizes feminine energies and aids in stimulating feelings of love and happiness.

Gemstone origin and history: Tourmaline is known to be first found in the 1500s in Brazil. A Spanish conquistador first found a green turquoise in Brazil and considered it an emerald. Moreover, in 1800’s the scientists learned that the stone was tourmaline and not emerald. In the 1980s and 1990s, many types of tourmaline were discovered in Brazil, increasing their demand worldwide. While Brazil is the chief supplier of this beautiful stone, many other countries like Afghanistan, Kenya, Madagascar, Pakistan, the USA, Sri Lanka, Siberia, and Zimbabwe also produce tourmaline.

How famous is the gemstone? Tourmaline is one of the very affordable gemstones and is in great demand throughout the world. Especially the deeper hues of this stone are in very high demand.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Tourmaline is the birthstone of October and is also associated with the astrological sign of Leo.



Gemstone type: Turquoise is composed of copper and aluminum phosphate. The mineral is aluminum’s hydrous phosphate, which contains a small amount of copper responsible for its blue color.

Gemstone characterizes and natural properties: An opaque mineral, turquoise occurs in different types of yellow-green, blue-green, and blue. The turquoise is formed through a chemical reaction, which takes place when the water that contains a rich amount of aluminum and copper leaks through the rock and gathers at a particular area—this continuous process results in the formation of turquoise stones.

Turquoise is thought to be associated with strength and improves the immune system, treats viral infections and minimizes the effects of pollution. Problems of the eyes, throat, neck, ears, and brain are also thought to be healed with this stone. Turquoise is also beneficial for improving the respiratory system's condition and helps cure allergies and lung disorders. Wearing turquoise will also enhance your emotional well-being.

Gemstone origin and history: Turquoise is the oldest natural gemstone ever known to man. As a result, its history is extensive as well. Many historians believe that the stone was named ‘Turquoise’ due to the belief that it was first found in Turkey. However, there is no proof of whether or not it was found in Turkey first. Turkey was the main trade route for bringing turquoise to Venetian and European traders. Transcripts are as old as 5500 BC and are known to mention the stone.

Aztec kings and Pharaohs loved wearing turquoise, whereas Tutankhamun’s death mask also had turquoise. The Apache thought that wearing turquoise would help the hunters and warriors to aim accurately. Many ancient manuscripts found in Persia, Arabia, India, and Pakistan claim that the color variations of the turquoise indicate the health of the ones wearing it.

How famous is the gemstone? Turquoise is one of the most abundantly available gemstones. It is so common that turquoise is the name of a green-blue color in English. Not many other minerals are as common as to get full color on their name.

Which month birth date gemstone is it and why? Turquoise is the birthstone of December and is also associated with the astrological sign of Sagittarius.

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