The clarity of a diamond pertains to its cleanliness. Almost all mined and lab-grown diamonds contain inclusions of some kind. These inclusions are imperfections that contribute to the unique character of each diamond. The presence of noticeable inclusions can result in a lower clarity rating for a diamond, potentially affecting its value and overall quality.
Inclusions within a diamond can encompass various types, such as crystals, clouds, trace minerals, or feathers. While these inclusions are typically small, they can be quite prominent if positioned conspicuously.
When acquiring a diamond, those with higher clarity, often called flawless diamonds, hold the greatest value and have a higher price tag. Conversely, as we move lower on the clarity scale, the cost of the diamond decreases. Hence, if budget considerations are paramount, opting for a diamond with lower clarity might be a practical choice. However, it is important to remember that if an inclusion or blemish is highly pronounced, it can adversely impact the diamond's brilliance and sparkle.
All loose diamonds are assessed on a clarity scale considering the size, quantity, and type of inclusions. This scale was established by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and comprises six categories with eleven distinct diamond clarity grades. The scale spans from FL and IF, signifying Flawless or Internally Flawless, to I3, indicating Included. FL and IF diamonds exhibit no observable inclusions or imperfections when examined under 10x magnification. On the other hand, I1 diamonds possess inclusions that are easily discernible to the naked eye.
Striking a balance between these two ends of the grading spectrum allows buyers to find a diamond that aligns with their budget while maintaining its visual appeal and enchanting sparkle.