The diamond name comes from the ancient Greek word adamas, which means invincible. It is the toughest natural material in the world.
Diamond hardness and high dispersion of light make it useful for diamond rings, diamond earrings, diamond pendants, diamond necklaces and diamond bracelets.
The diamond is a jewel because it has been used as a religious icon in India for at least 2500 years.
The diamond can only scratch with other diamonds, keep its shade extremely good and retain its shine for a long time.
Diamonds are mineral, natural crystalline element, transparent carbon or almost pure carbon. Diamonds have extraordinary properties. Diamonds have a wide range of colors, high fracture index, and fire spread, very low chemical reactivity, by-product shortage, and, of course, extreme hardness and durability. Diamonds are known as "king of jewels" that glitter, dazzle, and symbolize purity and strength.
They are made inside a soil where there are enormous pressure and temperature in the range of around. 900 - 1300 degrees C, and for a long time, more than a billion years.
During some volcanic eruptions, diamonds are brought to the surface and can be found on a large surface.
It was not exactly when they were used for the first time. The only thing that seems nice is the use of diamonds from India.
Diamond consists of one element carbon and it is the arrangement of carbon atoms in the network that gives the diamond incredible properties. The diamond and the graphite consist exclusively of carbon. However, diamond is the hardest known material, and graphite is one of the soft, because of the reorganization of the way the atoms are connected.
The diamond belongs to the cubic or "isometric" crystalline system. The most obvious crystalline structures or arrangements are:
octahedron (8 faces)
or cubes (6 pages)
or dodecahedron (12 faces )
The diamond is a real jewel, has minor weaknesses and many strengths. It is known that diamonds are the hardest ingredient to find in nature, but little is known that diamonds are four times more difficult than the most natural minerals, corundum, sapphires, and rubies.
Natural diamonds are formed in the depths of the earth's carbon layer of the element, about 180 km below the surface where high temperatures and pressures are present. Some diamonds are formed at depths of 300 to 400 kilometers or more but these diamonds are very rare.
The earth is made of melted rocks, metals and other materials. The temperature at this depth is very high, between 1100 ° C and 1400 ° C. The high pressure required to form diamonds is due to the weight of 180 km of rock supporting. In addition to carbon, very small amounts of other substances, such as nitrogen and sulfur, which can be dimmed in the glass when formed on the chimney. These impurities can give diamond color. One of the rarest pink diamonds.
Natural diamonds are classified according to the type and level of impurities they contain.
about diamond type Ia: most natural diamonds are of this type, with up to 0.3% nitrogen.
About Ib-diamond type: very rare (~ 0.1%) in nature, but almost all synthetic (industrial) diamonds of this type. They contain nitrogen at concentrations up to 500 ppm.
About diamond type IIa: it is rare , these diamonds contain minimum nitrogen that they can’t be easily noticed by conventional UV or IR absorption measurements.
Type IIb diamond: extremely rare in nature. They have small amount of nitrogen concentration that crystal is a semiconductor p-type (due to the impurity of the uncompensated B acceptor).
Because of their unique internal structure and their light-reflecting power, the diamonds, when sliced in true proportions, gather light into it and then send it under the rays of fire. and shine. The lifetime of polished diamond is considered as the amount of light reflected by the viewer. The concept of life is called the glow. If the diamond is cut with good proportions, the brightness increases. Luster refers to the brightness of the surface in a polished diamond. Shoot a visible pattern of crowned polished diamonds. When light enters the diamond, it breaks and divides into the spectrum colors and re-reflects. Flashes similar to those in the long called fire.
Diamond hardness is an important property. As an industrial tool, there are many applications and the modern industry depends a lot. As a precious stone, it is resistant to scratching and abrasion so that the finished stone retains its shine and shine. Because of the hardness and unique shape in which it is made, the diamond is slowly polished. It processes the adamantine surface finely polished and flat, with very sharp and straight edges between the facets. No other jewel can fit this polishing standard.
Diamond has the highest coefficient of thermal conductivity of all known substances because the compact crystal structure emits very warm heat. The thermal conductivity of the diamond is five times larger than copper. This explains why the diamond first felt the cold touch but quickly warmed the heat from the fingers.
Most rare diamonds produce odd natural disasters in the colors of pink, blue, green, orange or even red. These diamonds are known as fancy diamonds and are rated by a variety of color standards. Excess diamonds are the most expensive because of their extreme rarity.
By the middle of the 20th century, De Beers began using his motto "diamond forever" in his commercials. Her campaign was so successful that diamonds today are strongly linked to engagements and eternal love.
It is the only mineral stone that consists of one element that makes it the purest jewel on earth. It is therefore appropriate that the purest and most brilliant gems in the world make the engagement ring a perfect symbol of eternal love.
CAN ANYONE DIE BY LICKING DIAMOND?
This is a myth. You can not die if you try to lick a diamond. However, a person may die if he swallows a diamond because a diamond is very hard. This can happen because the diamond has sharp edges and can cut some part of the intestine in the stomach.
Diamonds do not emit toxically or release toxic substances. So if you lick a Diamond Mine and lick an accident victim or have your diamond in a poison before you have a taste of the diamond.
Since diamond is the hardest stone, it is not easy to break it. If you lick a diamond, nothing happensto the licker as no poison is coated on diamond stone or diamond is made from Potassium Cyanide.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF DIAMONDS
Diamonds are of different colors, such as pink, white, champagne, pink champagne, yellow, blue and green.
The pink diamond is by far the weakest and most precious diamond and goes beyond the beauty of the white diamond. The Argyle mine accounts for 95% of total production. However, less than one-tenth of a percent of all diamonds are classified as roses. Argyle pink diamonds are available in various shades, from gentle pastel pink to red and purple-red. This differentiates them from diamonds from India, Brazil, and Africa, which are lighter. The price of pink diamond Argyle depends on the intensity of the color.
White diamonds, unlike pink diamonds, are produced all over the world and are available in various shapes and sizes. White Argyle Minerals have better quality. The white diamond shows the pink stripes on the upper side. These are more expensive, and their depth and strength determine the price.
Another type is the Champagne Diamond. They come in light straw colors to rich cognac. Usually, the color intensity gets more importance in color estimation.
Pink diamonds of champagne are more expensive than diamonds of champagne. Yellow diamonds range from pale yellow to rich canary colors, and blue diamonds range from light blue to steel and metal. The green diamond, in which the color penetration is not very deep, is removed by modeling the stone.
WHAT IS CONSTITUENTS OR COMPONENTS THAT MAKE UP A DIAMOND
Diamonds are just carbon. Colorless diamonds are usually pure carbon, but diamonds of various exotic shades are almost always color of small impurities in the structure of the stone. Graphite, "lead" pencils, is also pure carbon. The only difference between lead and diamond is the way the molecules meet. Graphite is a soft carbon form that easily converges to paper, and diamond is the most difficult known natural substance.
The narrow cubic molecular structure of the diamond makes it so difficult. It was created in conditions of temperature and pressure that are almost unimaginable. It is created deep underground and shaped at a depth of 90 to 120 miles or more. The pressure is about 45 to 60 kilobar at these depths. However, the temperature at which diamonds are formed is considered relatively small due to this great depth. About 1652 to 2372 degrees Fahrenheit.
Scientists believe that these conditions exist only in two places (different from modern laboratories). One is in the lithosphere cover under the old continental plates. The material beneath the ocean would be too hot, and the earth's crust would not produce enough pressure. The only other place in the world where diamonds are made natural, although most microscopically, where meteors hit the ground.
The developed diamond is processed in a rock matrix, a kimberlite, or sometimes a lamproite. This massive rock mass in the root then explodes on the surface during a volcanic event, brings deeper depths of depth to a level where they can be extracted, or even drive a rock and earth in the gravel or on the ground. This process takes time. Natural diamonds are between one and 3.3 billion years, from 22 to 73% of the country.
The most common impurity in the diamond is nitrogen. Nitrogen is an element that naturally forms molecules that form two atoms. When the vaporized nitrogen atoms form in the diamond, it does not affect their color. If large groups of nitrogen atoms are produced, the diamond may be yellowish or brown. But if some nitrogen atoms are produced in a diamond, the result may be a set of canary diamonds. It may be 0,1% of diamond jewels in color with nitrogen.
Boron is another element that can paint diamonds. diamonds Color show different shades of gray, blue or slate. Hydrogen can also give a diamond color, otherwise, the colors are in blue or sometimes in purple.
The pink and red shades in diamonds do not cause as many impurities as the deformation of the net caused by the creation of a diamond. The same type of deformation can also produce purple stones.
ARE DIAMOND CONSTITUENTS OR COMPONENTS HARMFUL
In the diamond, every carbon atom, four the perfect tetragonal grid. These links are very strong. This makes the diamond chemically inert. It does not react easily with other chemicals. It makes it non-toxic.
Just say that it's not poisonous because pure carbon is probably too simple if you want a detailed answer. The scientific report on toxicity of macroescalares carbon does not know, but small particles (Princnanocarbides) appear, they can chemically or physically affect cellular mechanisms (eg there are HNK penetration simulation of scattered graphene and lipid bilayers with different results, there are also studies which show that they generally do not want to be exposed to nanocarbon, such as asbestos.
You would expect diamond studs to fall into this category. What we think is only pure carbon is chemically inert (mostly) and does not function chemically with the body (if you eat diamonds, carbon does not dissolve | how much it is absorbed and can not have a great toxicity effect)