Blood Diamonds: Key Points to Know About Conflict Diamonds

Sharif Khan
Sharif Khan
Last Updated    EST 

As the general public ends up being far more educated pertaining to the diamond globe and also the often questionable approaches associated with mining and marketing these rocks, people are starting to ask just exactly what expressions like "conflict diamond" or "blood diamond" mean. The term blood diamonds has been particularly popular in the years because of the release of the movie Blood Diamond in 2006.

We feel it is essential that everybody is enlightened about these stones to ensure that we might all do our part in stopping conflict or blood diamonds from getting into the market. You may be wondering just what blood or conflict diamonds are. 

Diamonds have been associated with money for a long period of time, as well as cash has been a part of war since money was created. Plundering natural resources has been one of the key functions of almost every war, varying from the Spanish conquistadors to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait—gold, oil, iron, or lumber, as all have been plagued with similar conflicts. The cutting processes could likewise be carried out exploitatively and have caused misuses in India, China, Vietnam, Russia, and many other locations.

Check out this quick diamond-buying cheat sheet.

What are Conflicts Diamonds?

The United Nations (UN) defines conflict diamonds as "diamonds that stem from areas managed by forces or factions opposed to genuine and also worldwide identified federal governments, and also are used to money military action in opposition to those governments, or a conflict of the choices of the Safety Council."

Conflict diamonds, also known as blood diamonds, are diamonds that rebel groups use to sustain conflict and civil battles. They have funded harsh conflicts in Africa that have caused the death and displacement of countless people. Diamonds have additionally been utilized by terrorist teams such as Al-Qaeda to finance their tasks, and also for money laundering purposes.

Most people have no idea of the whole tale of conflict diamonds; consequently, others aim to use this scenario to their benefit. Conflict diamonds have a history that is not extremely pretty. Yet, the existing circumstance is not as alarming as some would lead you to believe.

Diamond rough is small, quickly mobile, as well as regulates high rates; because of this concentration of wide range, it has traditionally made diamonds a good source of funds. Some African nations have not been very effective in making the change from being a nest to being an independent nation. In contrast, a few other countries have made the change without major extended upheavals. Diamonds have contributed to both these sorts of countries and the roads they have chosen to travel.

Conflict diamonds are alluvial in nature; alluvial diamonds are deposits of diamonds discovered in bogs areas, in old riverbeds, in the beds of streams, and in superficial rivers. Diamonds are developed deep in the earth and concern the surface through volcanic eruptions. The resulting hill of cooled-down lava ends up being deteriorated away by rainfall. The harsh diamond is gotten rid of and ends up in alluvial deposits. Many alluvial diamonds are generally discovered between a couple of feet to 20 feet below the surface. Fairly little funding and only standard innovation (muscular tissues, filters, and also shovels) are required to mine alluvial diamonds. These alluvial diamond mining areas are easily managed by armed troublemakers.

There is no clinical test to recognize where a specific rock was mined, where it was reduced, or that was involved in the various processes, although there are more hints readily available than there are with claim, oil, or gold. The customary solution includes a qualification system called the Kimberly Process, where every single time the rock adjustments hands throughout its path from the mine to the seller must proclaim that they either extracted it themselves using UN-approved approaches or they purchased it from a person who provided them with this assurance. This produces a chain of certification that leads right from the mine to the consumer. It functions very well, and a global treaty has made it illegal to import diamonds right into the United States, Canada, Europe, Japan, and most of the remainder of the globe without Kimberly Qualification because of 2002. These addresses regarding 99% of the issue if you buy a rock from a genuine supplier in one of these countries.

Are Conflict Diamonds Still A Problem?

The United Nations has just recently reported that poor controls are permitting up to $23 million of conflict diamonds from Côte-d-Ivoire to enter the legit profession through Ghana, where they are being certified as conflict-free, and also via Mali. The Kimberley Process was set up to quit the trade in conflict diamonds, yet it still isn’t strong sufficient to achieve its aim.

Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Liberia, and also Sierra Leone are still recovering from prevalent destruction arising from battles moneyed by diamonds.

Diamonds continuously be utilized for loan laundering, tax obligation evasion, and ordered criminal activity. The variety of conflict diamonds has substantially decreased because peace agreements have been signed in Western and Southern African countries. However, many more diamond-fueled wars might happen unless the Kimberley Process strengthens government controls and the diamond sector tidies up its act.

What are Blood Diamonds?

The story of blood diamonds is primarily quite easy; however, simply the term blood diamonds raises horrendous photos of people who have undergone unthinkable acts compelled after them by their own countrymen. I will utilize the term, blood diamonds, to describe diamonds given the market throughout the bloody civil war in Sierra Leone throughout the 90s and finally concerned an end in 2002. The number of blood diamonds created during this period was a relative percentage compared to worldwide production. Yet, it sufficed to be a part of the financing for the rebels.

Sierra Leone began its self-reliance because it had a relatively excellent infrastructure and had been extracting diamonds since the 1930s. For the next four years, there was a useless string of corrupt military people running the nation. During this period, the ruff moved right into the diamond-creating location of eastern Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone's diamonds are alluvial in nature, Alluvial diamonds are down payments of diamonds discovered in lowlands locations, in old riverbeds, in the beds of streams, and also in superficial rivers. Relatively few resources abundantly fundamental innovation (muscles, shovels, and also filters) are required to extract alluvial diamonds. Armed punks easily control these alluvial diamond mining locations.

In 1995, a team of "gunslingers" from South Africa, called exec results, were hired and tidied up the issue of the ruf being in the diamond fields. The unactioned elections were held in 1996, and a previous un authority, Ahmad TejanKebbah, was chosen as the brand-new head of state. Executive end results were asked to leave, and in no time, the diamond-creating location of Kono was once again taken control of by the ruf.

It wasn't. However, an activity directly related to the diamond mining operations. It is the picture of these ruthless acts that have been for life linked to "blood diamonds.”

Can I Be Certain I Don’t Get A Conflict Diamond Or Blood Diamond?

If a 0.1 percent possibility still sounds too dangerous for you, there are other choices. The Northwest Territories in Canada have their own qualification procedure that makes certain any type of diamond bought with their certification was extracted in Canada. That’s as good an assurance you could obtain that the diamonds weren't t mined, making use of servant labor, and also, no brutal totalitarians or civil battles were funded by their sale. Other countries, particularly South Africa and Botswana, have comparable certifications that aren’t too promoted as Canada but are just as lot an assurance that their diamonds are conflict-free. Numerous reducing residences also supply certifications or similar main declarations detailing how their employees are dealt with. Many trusted jewelers will certainly be able to get you these if you ask.

You could additionally get just a preowned diamond. Recycling a flawlessly good old diamond is much greener than mining a new one.

While there are still parts of the diamond globe that are not as honest as would like them to be, the sector has made excellent strides in the last years to restrict the flow of conflict diamonds into the worldwide market and has done some good things in diamond-rich nations. Morally mined diamonds have brought work with living wages and health care to people that didn’t have those alternatives before. There are certainly additional actions you can take to ensure you’re getting a conflict-free stone if you’re looking to buy a diamond. If you’re caring for a trustworthy jeweler, you have nothing to fret about. That diamond you have in your hands is virtually certainly conflict-free. It might have even assisted a battling household somewhere.

Final Thoughts

Diamonds have cemented themselves as the world’s most preferred gemstone and continue to increase in popularity. Though diamonds are a natural resource, with much esthetic value provoking everlasting love: their value and enhancing worth have had a fantastic influence on the globe. While it works as a cherished collection for some, for others, its worth has worked as a catalyst to many wars in certain areas of the globe, like in Western and main Africa.

Throughout the late 1990s, conflict diamonds comprised about 4% of the globe s diamond manufacturing, yet today the availability and circulation of these diamond areas are listed below 1%. Conflict diamonds, also referred to as blood diamonds, are diamonds that are extracted and also marketed unlawfully in locations of conflict as well as war. The make money from these sales is used to finance rebel activities, battles, and prolonged insurrections. Records of these tasks have been much more widespread in nations like Sierra Leone, Liberia, Angola, Cream Color Shore, and the Democratic Republic of  Congo. Several of these countries have endured years and years of destruction, opposition to reputable governments, and civil war, which were majorly moneyed by proceeds from conflict diamonds. Today the narrative has greatly transformed, with many of these nations or areas taking pleasure in relative tranquility with conflict diamonds or blood diamonds no longer in trade.

As the public ends up being much more informed about the diamond globe and likewise the sometimes-questionable techniques entailed in mining and likewise marketing these rocks, individuals are starting to ask merely exactly what phrases like "conflict diamond" or "blood diamond" mean. Conflict diamonds, additionally known as blood diamonds, are diamonds that rebel groups utilize to fuel conflict and civil wars. Conflict diamonds are alluvial in nature; alluvial diamonds are down payments of diamonds discovered in bogs, old riverbeds, and the beds of streams and shallow rivers. Sierra Leone's diamonds are alluvial in nature, Alluvial diamonds are down payments of precious stones (diamonds) discovered in bog locations, in old riverbeds, and in the beds of streams as well as shallow rivers. Problem rubies, likewise, blood diamonds, are diamonds extracted and sold illegally in areas of conflict and war.

Subscribe to Our Newsletter